Pound Sterling was down 1.12 percent against the euro to €1.1769 at 4.15pm having started the day at €1.1887. The British currency has tumbled even further against the US dollar, down 1.47 percent to $1.3012 from $1.3182 when financial markets opened. But the London markets jumped as they were buoyed by weakness in the pound. The FTSE 100 closed 40.3 points higher at 7,326.31 at the end of trading on Monday.
Connor Campbell, financial analyst at Spreadex, said: “The FTSE’s surge was largely rooted in the pound’s renewed Brexit migraine.
“Sterling fell against the dollar and against the euro as Boris Johnson and Michel Barnier laid out their conflicting positions on the future of the UK-EU trade relationship ahead of the start of talks in March.
“The Prime Minister doesn’t want to have to stick to EU rules and regulations – the bloc’s chief negotiator claims Johnson has already agreed to do exactly that.”
This morning, in his first speech since the UK officially left the European Union on Friday evening, Boris Johnson said he wouldn’t accept the bloc’s rules as a price to pay in order to secure a post-Brexit free trade deal with the EU.
Despite officially leaving the EU on January 31, the UK has yet to agree a new free trade relationship with Brussels.
Pound LIVE: The pound has tumbled following strct demands made by the EU to the UK over a trade deal
Pound LIVE: Sterling has fallen by more than one percent against the euro
The Prime Minister wants to have an agreement in place by the end of the transition period in December 2020.
But senior EU officials, including Mr Barnier and European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen, have warned the demands being set out by Mr Johnson make it impossible for a full trade deal to be in place before then.
Today, both sides have laid out what they want from a trade dealt the positions appear so far apart that economists are not riling out the possibility go an abrupt departure before the end of 2020.
Anna Rosenberg, head of Europe and the U.K. at the advisory firm Signum Global, told CNBC: “I would put it at 20 percent at the moment.
“We have to track how talks pan out. If tensions rise and they seem to break down, I will revise it up.”
Pound LIVE: The British currency has plunged even further against the US dollar
Following the departure from the EU on Friday evening, the UK has now entered a transition period, during which time it must continue to follow EU laws and rules, while the UK Government can still prepare trade deals with other nations.
During this time, the UK wants to develop new trade agreements with the EU, but failure to achieve this would hammer British and European exporters with substantially higher costs.
David Henig, a UK trade policy expert at the think tank ECIPE, told CNBC: “There’s no doubt there is also considerable difference between the parties.
“There is a possible deal that removes tariffs in return for some level playing field provisions, but equally no deal remains a distinct possibility.”
This morning, Mr Johnson came out fighting, when he said there is “no need” for a free trade agreement to involve accepting EU rules.
In 2016, the EU reached a free trade agreement with Canada but it took seven years to complete and has yet to be fully ratified by national parliaments in Europe.
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Pound LIVE: Boris Johnson wants a free trade agreement, similar to Canada’s
Pound LIVE: The Prime Minister insisted ‘there is no need for a free trade agreement to involve accepting EU rules’
The Prime Minister said: “We have made our choice: we want a free trade agreement, similar to Canada’s.
“There is no need for a free trade agreement to involve accepting EU rules on competition policy, subsidies, social protection, the environment or anything similar, any more than the EU should be obliged to accept UK rule.”
But Mr Barnier has continued to warn there is not enough time to strike a similar agreement with the UK within the timeframe set out by Mr Johnson.
When asked about reaching a free trade agreement with the UK, the EU’s chief Brexit negotiator said: “Yes, that is the objective.
Pound LIVE: The UK has now entered a crucial transition period with the EU
“But we are constrained by the decision, if it’s confirmed, the decision of Boris Johnson to leave the single market and the customs union at the end of this year.”
Brussels has also continued to warn the more the U.K. deviates from European rules, the more difficult it will be to design new trade arrangements.
Mr Banier also warned any offer of zero tariffs would require a “level playing field over the long term” in areas such as environmental standards and state aid.
He warned: “The most ambitious partnership is what we had.
“When you are not a member of the EU then, objectively speaking, your position is different and less favourable.”
Pound LIVE: Michel Barnier has continued to issue warnings over the possibility of striking a full free trade deal with the UK
Fisheries is already emerging as one of the biggest hurdles to overcome in trade talks.
Mr Johnson has suggested the UK can have annual negotiations with the EU over fishing.
This is similar to what Norway does. The Nordic country is not a member of the EU but does contribute to the EU’s budget in exchange for access to the European single market – a free trade zone.
But European fishermen are against the Prime Minister’s proposal – they rely heavily on British waters and each year they would face uncertainty over access and the amount of fish allowed to be caught.
Sean O’Donoghue, founder of the European Fishing Alliance, a lobby group for European fishermen, told CNBC: “We want to maintain the existing arrangements in terms of access.”